Every day in history is like a snowflake from heaven’s snowflake garden. It’s unique and it is fragile. Put it in your brain before it melts. This is what happened on October 20, 1781…
The Hapsburgs were like the Roy Rogers Restaurant of European monarchies. They were around whether anyone liked it or not. They had variety (Austrians, Hungarians, Slavs in their empire) and Roy Roger’s has variety on their menu fried chicken, hamburgers and roast beef sandwiches. The Hapsburg dynasty never had french fries served in a holster, advantage Roy Rogers. The Hapsburg’s had enough sectarian friction to fill any roadside buffet, advantage still Roy Rogers.
On October 20, 1781, the Hapsburg monarch Joseph II declared the Patent of Toleration throughout the Hapsburg Empire and intolerance was no more. Well, except other non-Catholics Lutheran, Orthodox Christians and Protestants were allowed to worship in secret. No public displays of affection for their spiritual affiliations, everything was to be in private and on the hush-hush. Then of course there was the Jews. The Patent of Toleration had a special clause of “tolerance” for them. The Jews in the Hapsburg Empire had to sign their children up for German language school and were finally allowed to attend secondary school. Tolerance achieved for one year! Apparently, the Jewish clause was a tad too much for the Hapsburgs. In 1782, they introduced the Edict of Tolerance (Edict trumps Patent every time) which revoked all the previous rights to the Jewish people in the Empire, including, one deduces, drive-thru priviledges to Roy Rogers.